CBG is quickly gaining traction in the wellness industry, and consumers, retailers, and even researchers are becoming highly intrigued by it. CBG has many similar traits to the superstar compound you may already know and love: CBD.
Hemp-derived CBD began dominating the headlines in 2018 when The Farm Bill was passed. Essentially, this lengthy legislation legalized all hemp-derived CBD products containing.3% THC or less for purchase and consumption in the United States. Immediately, eager consumers began giving it a try, and the rest is history. To this day, CBD receives praise in online reviews, message boards, and in many personal anecdotes. People love the all-natural, non-addictive compound because it is so versatile, and it delivers results.
CBG hasn’t gotten the same glitzy start as CBD, but it’s mostly because the wellness potential of this rare, elusive compound remains untapped. There are still many questions about CBG, but thanks to some recent hard work from diligent researchers and dedicated farmers, we have many more answers now than ever before – and the future of CBG is looking bright.
What Is CBG?
CBG, short for cannabigerol, is one of the many dynamic compounds extracted from the hemp plant. Like CBD, this compound is among over 100 other cannabinoids that team up to naturally deliver emotional and physical relief to daily discomforts and fatigues.
Recently dubbed “the Rolls Royce” of cannabinoids, CBG is quickly establishing a shiny public image. Because CBG is promising to be so effective, yet it is only found in approximately 1% of the mature hemp plant, it can be more challenging to extract large amounts of it to use in wellness products. This is making CBG more intriguing and sought after, as curious consumers can’t wait to give it a try.
Fun fact about CBG:
You may not realize this, but many of the other vital compounds in your favorite wellness products only exist because of CBG!
CBG begins its life cycle as CBG-A (cannabigerol acid) and, through the fascinating process of photosynthesis, the acids are converted into cannabinoids. This means CBG plays a crucial role in the hemp plant’s production of CBD, THC, and other well-known, hemp-derived compounds you may have in your medicine cabinet right now.
CBG is found in a bit more abundance in the younger stages of plant development because, as we mentioned earlier, it eventually converts into other cannabinoids. In order to maximize how much CBG can be extracted from a healthy hemp plant, cultivators have worked hard to pinpoint the perfect moment in the plant’s life cycle to harvest and extract the high-end compound.
With impeccable timing and commitment, this hard work has paid off and we are now finally able to yield higher amounts of CBG during extraction and purification. This will result in a CBG market debut that stands to take the wellness market by storm.
How Is CBG Extracted?
Because CBG is a cannabinoid, it is extracted using the same standard methods as CBD and other compounds extracted from hemp. There are several ways to extract cannabinoids from the leaves and stalks of the hemp plant, but here are the methods used by the most reputable brands:
1) The CO2 Extraction Method
The CO2 extraction method uses Supercritical carbon dioxide – that is, CO2 that contains both liquid and gas properties – to extract the compound from the hemp plant. The process involves the use of three pressurized chambers:
- The first chamber contains the pressurized Supercritical CO2.
- The second chamber contains the hemp plant.
- CO2 is pumped from the first chamber into the second, exposing the hemp to Supercritical CO2, which causes the oil to separate from the plant.
- Next, both the CO2 and the oil are pumped together into the third chamber. After the gas evaporates, the final result is pure, concentrated oil.
2) The Solvent Extraction Method
The Solvent extraction method uses a solvent – like ethanol, butane, or propane, alcohol, or isopropyl – to strip the hemp plant of it’s concentrated cannabinoids. Hemp flowers and plant trimmings are soaked in the solvent, and the powerful liquid disintegrates the plant’s natural waxes, leaving behind only the beneficial compounds. Then, an evaporation process eliminates the residual solvent and the concentrated cannabinoid oil remains.
3) The Hydrocarbon Extraction Method
The Hydrocarbon extraction method uses propane and/or butane as a primary solvent because of their low boiling point. This allows for the extraction to take place without a higher heat that may harm the delicate terpenes in the hemp extract. Here’s how the extraction process works.
First, the cold, liquified hydrocarbon (or blend of hydrocarbons) washes over the hemp plants. This dissolves the cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids, and waxes within the plant.
Second, depending on the final product that is to be created, the solution may go through a number of refining methods.
Third, once the refinement is completed, the solution goes into a collection chamber where most of the solvent is removed. Generally, the removed hydrocarbon is collected and reused repeatedly.
Finally, the solution goes through an additional purging process to get rid of any remaining hydrocarbons. The solution is then ready to be made into a final product.
Obviously, this is the most dangerous of all extraction methods because of the use of butane, propane, or other hydrocarbon gases. The labs that utilize this method use specialized equipment made specifically for this type of extraction method in highly scrutinized environments. You should never try this method at home!
There are other ways CBG can be extracted, but these are the two primary methods used by the most reputable retailers. These methods are not recommended to try at home, as they are quite complex and can be very dangerous. However, there is a popular at-home alternative some adventurous consumers have tried.
In the comfort of your own kitchen, you can finely chop up hemp plant trimmings, place them on a cookie sheet, and bake them at 225º for about an hour. This helps the acids in the plant evolve to their non-acidic forms – a process called decarboxylating. Once cool, add the trimmings and olive oil to a double boiler, lightly simmer (not boil!) water over the double boiler for 2-3 hours, letting the hemp infuse the oil. It’s important the temperature remains very low because high heat can compromise the integrity of the important compounds. Once infused then cooled, use a cheesecloth to strain the trimmings from the oil. You’ll be left with a cannabinoid-infused oil to use in your favorite recipes! Note: This method yields only small concentrations of these compounds compared to the products you’d buy in stores or online.
The Best Hemp Products Are at The Hemp Doctor
These extraction methods are quite complex and scientifically advanced, and often, they are very costly. However, the nation’s top CBD retailers, like The Hemp Doctor, will never cut corners to save money, especially on something requiring impeccable precision like compound extraction.
Only expert extraction and purification using cutting-edge equipment will ensure that the final product is preserving every valuable compound while removing every unwanted, unhealthy ingredient like residual solvents, molds, and pesticides. Our proprietary process is precise and rigorous and leaves only the highest quality cannabinoids on the market.
There are many places to buy hemp-derived products like CBD oil, CBG oil, and other phytocannabinoid-rich wellness products. This is why The Hemp Doctor, America’s Premier Hemp & CBD Dispensary, works hard to stand out from the pack. From our extraordinary personalized customer service to our unparalleled inventory of cutting edge products, we offer an educational, supportive wellness experience. Contact us today to get started!